The ancient grandeur of this city cannot be adequately visualized as most of the buildings of importance have now totally disappeared leaving only traces of their existence. On the eve of the Portuguese conquest, the city was protected by ramparts which enclosed, among other buildings, the palace of Adil Shah in the vicinity of the Church of St. Cajetan and a mosque on the ruins of which the College of St. Paul was built.

Afonso de Albuquerque had built a church dedicated to St. Catherine across the road from the present Se Cathedral. The church was made of mud and covered with straw.

Close to it were the Senate and he Palace of the Inquisition. On the western side along the river Mandovi, was the Arsenal, which, included, besides the docks, various important public establishments like the Mint and Gunfoundry. The Royal Hospital was near the Arsenal, while another Hospital of St. Lazarus was on the eastern borders of the city. Unfortunately, nothing except heaps of debris or mounds exist of these grand edifices.

It is however, gratifying that there are still many buildings extant of which the more notable ones are described, and some of which are protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Details of a hero-stone with a royal personage sitting on a throne. (Fourteen century AD) ASI Museum Old Goa.

Church Complex with Church of St. Francis of Assisi and Se Cathedral


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